History[ edit ] Sculpture on the west front of the cathedral of Richard Poore who oversaw the early years of its construction, beginning in
Bigger, better, best—and built in a mere 38 years, roughly from towhich is a pretty short construction schedule for a large stone building made without motorized equipment. One factor that enabled Salisbury Cathedral to become so extraordinary is that it Salisbury cathedral the first major cathedral to be built on an unobstructed site.
The architect and clerics were able to conceive a design and lay it out exactly as they wanted. Construction was carried out in one campaign, giving the complex a cohesive motif and singular identity. The cloisters were started as a purely decorative feature only five years after the cathedral building was completed, with shapes, patterns, and materials that copy those of the cathedral interior.
Looking west from the choir to the nave, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England, begunphoto: Pointed arches and lancet shapes are everywhere, from the prominent west windows to the painted arches of the east end.
The piers are decorated with slender columns of dark gray Purbeck marble, which reappear in clusters and as stand-alone supports in the arches of the triforium, clerestory, and cloisters. The triforium and cloisters repeat the same patterns of plate tracery — basically stone cut-out shapes — of quatrefoils, cinquefoils, even hexafoils and octofoils.
Proportions are uniform throughout. Nave elevation, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England, begunphoto: In most churches of this period, the columns or piers stretch upwards in one form or another all the way to the ceiling or vault.
Here at Salisbury the arcade is merely an arcade, and the effect is more like a layer cake with the upper tiers sitting on top of rather than extending from the lower level.
Comparison of the nave elevations of Salisbury Cathedral and Amiens Cathedral Nave elevation, photos: But in the early part of the 14th century, two stories were added to the tower, and then the pointed spire was added in The spire is the most readily identified feature of the cathedral and is visible for miles.
However, the addition of this landmark tower and spire added over 6, tons of weight to the supporting structure. Because the building had not been engineered to carry the extra weight, additional buttressing was required internally and externally. The transepts now sport masonry girders, or strainer arches, to support the weight.
Not surprisingly, the spire has never been straight and now tilts to the southeast by about 27 inches. Scissor strainer arches in the east transept, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England, begunphoto: Therefore, the interior has lost some of its original decoration and furnishings, including stained glass and small chapels, and new things have been added.
This is pretty typical, though, of a building that is several centuries old. Fortunately, the regularity and clean lines of the cathedral have not been tampered with. It is still refined, polished, and generally easy on the eye. Purbeck colonettes at the crossing transeptand to the left, gallery and clerestory moldings that have been repainted, Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, England, begunphoto: The pictures in this essay, however, show the widely changing character of the neutral tones; sunlight transforms the building, and the visitor's experience of it.
This very quality is what made the Gothic style so revolutionary — the ability to get sunlight into a large building with massive stone walls.
Windows are everywhere, and when the light streams through the clerestory arches and the enormous west window, the interior turns from drear gray to transcendent gold.
Essay by Valerie Spanswick.Nov 21, · Salisbury Cathedral, Autumn This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. It was an ideal opportunity in the development of Early English Gothic architecture, and Salisbury Cathedral made full use of the new techniques of this emerging style.
Salisbury Cathedral is an elegant Gothic edifice located in Salisbury, about 90 miles southwest of lausannecongress2018.com almost entirely in the 13th century, the cathedral boasts the tallest spire and the largest cloisters in England.
The site attracts more than , visitors each year. Salisbury Cathedral and its surrounding Close attract some , visitors each year. Many come as tourists, to worship or to attend concerts, workshops and art installations. It was an ideal opportunity in the development of Early English Gothic architecture, and Salisbury Cathedral made full use of the new techniques of this emerging style.
Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows, which Constable began painting in , shows the cathedral from the north-west, looking across the River Nadder from a point near a footbridge known as the Long Bridge.A team of three horses pulls a cart across the river from the left; cattle graze in the meadows in the right distance; and the centre foreground is occupied by a black and white sheepdog.